Concussion refers to a traumatic event which has led to transient, symptomatic injury to the brain. Concussion may lead to symptoms like dizziness, nausea, vomiting, unconsciousness, transient memory loss and balance. This will result from injury in which forces of sudden acceleration and deceleration has been transmitted to the head. This will lead to the impact of the brain against the inside of the skull leading to micro-injury of the nerve cells.
Examination of concussion will aim to rule out a more serious injury like internal bleeding or cervical spine injury. In addition, your physiotherapist will perform a full examination including history, presenting signs and evaluate the degree of injury.
The clinician will monitor your symptoms as well as gradually increasing your level of activity, until the previous level of activity has been achieved. Protective muscle strengthening and stability may be used to allow for optimal functioning of the neck surrounding muscles. Return to sport varies by age and symptoms.