Forearm compartment syndrome refers to the pathology where increased pressure leads to pain and is experienced from the individual in their forearm. It is due to the increase of muscle bulking from repeated loading of specific muscles. In a situation where the compartment that contains the muscles is not large enough, increased pressure and pain will develop.
Examination will not reveal any abnormality unless the person is asked to repeatedly perform the aggravating activity or an exercise that replicates this movement. A true compartment syndrome will require further investigation with internal pressure meters. This will detect increased pressure and will confirm the diagnosis.
The management of a true compartment syndrome will require surgical intervention in order to enlarge the affected compartment. Following the surgery, there should be a short period of rest before returning back to normal activities.